The Bank of Beirut (UK) Ltd (Bank of Beirut) has been fined GBP 2.1 million by the Financial Conduct Authority and stopped from acquiring new customers from high-risk jurisdictions for 126 days, FCA said. In addition, the regulator said it has fined two approved persons at the bank.
Bank of Beirut has European operations in London and Frankfurt, as well as other international operations in Cyprus and Australia.
The FCA said that Bank of Beirut repeatedly provided the regulator with misleading information after it was required to address concerns regarding its financial crime systems and controls.
Anthony Wills, the former compliance officer at the Bank of Beirut, and Michael Allin, the internal auditor, have been fined GBP 19,600 and GBP 9,900, respectively. Wills and Allin failed to deal with the regulator in an open and cooperative way when responding to queries about the actions taken to mitigate financial crime risk.
Georgina Philippou, acting director of enforcement and market oversight, commented, “It is essential to consumer protection, market integrity and the prevention of financial crime that we can rely on firms giving us the right information at the right time. Bank of Beirut’s failings impeded us and left it open to the risk that it might be used for financial crime.
“Equally worrying was the fact that Wills and Allin provided a number of misleading communications to us, which is a serious breach of their responsibilities as approved persons. We are reliant on compliance officers and internal audit to act as a first line of defence, to support effective regulation at firms and to show backbone even when challenged by their colleagues.”
Concerns about the culture within Bank of Beirut became apparent following supervisory visits to the firm in 2010 and 2011. In particular, the regulator believed too little consideration was being given to the risk that the firm be used for financial crime. Bank of Beirut was required to take a number of actions to address these concerns.
However, Bank of Beirut repeatedly provided misleading information to the regulator indicating that it had completed remedial actions when it had not.
Wills and Allin were responsible for addressing a number of the actions required of the firm. Wills handled most of the communication between the firm and the regulator and he sought to dismiss concerns that the Bank of Beirut was not properly implementing the required changes. Allin provided false assurance that the improvements to the firm’s processes had been made.
The FCA said it “recognises that both Wills and Allin were influenced by senior management.” However, the FCA relied on the word of Wills and Allin to gain comfort that the changes to the firm’s processes had been completed. “Given Wills and Allin’s position as approved persons, they should have resisted their senior management in these circumstances,” FCA said.
Bank of Beirut settled with the FCA at an early stage of the investigation. Had it not done so, it would have faced a fine of GBP 3 million and a restriction of 180 days. Wills and Allin also settled at the first opportunity, had they not they would have faced financial penalties of GBP 28,000 and GBP 14,100 respectively.
This is the second time the FCA has used its suspension or restriction powers to punish a firm for serious misconduct. In July 2014, Financial Ltd, a financial advice network, was restricted during a 126 day period from appointing any Appointed Representative or Registered Individuals.
FCA says the sanction is intended to send a message of deterrence to the rest of the industry, and serve as a reminder that the FCA is able to respond with sanctions that target the business activities of the firm where the misconduct occurred.
The Principle for Businesses relevant to the Bank of Beirut investigation is Principle 11: A firm must deal with its regulators in an open and cooperative way, and must disclose to the appropriate regulator appropriately anything relating to the firm of which that regulator would reasonably expect notice.
The relevant Principle to the investigations into Wills and Allin is the Statement of Principles for Approved Persons 4: An approved person must deal with the FCA, the PRA and other regulators in an open and cooperative way and must disclose appropriately any information of which the FCA or the PRA would reasonably expect notice.